Magecart Strikes Again
Ticketmaster, British Airways, and Newegg have all been compromised. Who’s next? Read our research to see how we discovered the breaches.
IDG Connect: 2017 State of Enterprise Digital Defense Report
Findings quantify the security management gap and business impact of external web, social, and mobile threats.
Get the Research Report
Frost & Sullivan: The Digital Threat Management Platform Advantage
The material benefits of a platform-based approach to security outside the firewall.
Read the Report
2018 Holiday Shopping Season Threat Activity: A Snapshot
The 2018 holiday shopping season was the largest ever for online retailers, but threat actors filled their pockets, too.
So what did the threat activity around this shopping frenzy look like?
Rackspace Accelerates External Digital Threat Investigation with RiskIQ PassiveTotal
Download Case Study
EMA Radar™ Q4 2017 Report
RiskIQ ranked a technology and value leader in digital threat intelligence management.
Get the Analyst Report
On September 18, 2014, RiskIQ detected credential-stealing malware being loaded onto users’ computers through a drive-by download at jQuery.com. The malware attack was carried out using RIG exploit kit to target visitors. RiskIQ was able to confirm with sources at several large organizations that users of jQuery.com were indeed redirected to this exploit kit.
The jQuery library is a very popular toolkit for developing websites with dynamic content and is widely used by developers within enterprises. According to internal jQuery research, jQuery is used by 30% of websites on the entire Internet, including 70% of the top 10,000 websites in the world.
It’s important to note that we did not observe any changes within the jQuery library itself, which was likely unaffected by this compromise. However, discovering information-stealing malware on jQuery.com is particularly disconcerting because of the demographic of jQuery users. jQuery users are generally IT Systems Administrators and Web Developers, including a large contingent who work within enterprises.
Typically, these individuals have privileged access to web properties, backend systems and other critical infrastructure. Planting malware capable of stealing credentials on devices owned by privilege accounts holders inside companies could allow attackers to silently compromise enterprise systems, similar to what happened in the infamous Target breach.
RIG was first uncovered in April 2014 and caught the attention of Cisco researchers in June. In the past, RiskIQ and Symantec researchers have observed RIG on popular websites such as askmen.com. Typically, RIG has been observed dropping banking trojans and other information stealers.
Planting malware on open source websites is not a new technique. These websites are high value targets due to the type of users that frequent them. Several other high profile, open source websites have had this issue in the past. For example, in 2013 PHP.net suffered similar problems, along with MySQL.com in 2011.
We recommend the following if you suspect a system has been affected by this campaign:
Using our site-scanning technology, we were able to detect a change within jQuery.com. Approximately 10-15 minutes after our system detected it, we analyzed the site and detected that a malicious script tag was added. This malicious script then added an invisible iframe that redirected users to RIG exploit kit, which is typically used to drop banking trojans as well as other information stealers.
Initial content added to jQuery.com:
This malicious redirector was hosted in Russia on a domain that was registered on September 18, the morning of the malware attack. We believe that this domain was intended specifically to blend into the website.
After verifying that the site was indeed redirecting users to a malware dropper, we immediately contacted jQuery.com to alert them to the malware attack. While they weren’t able to determine the root cause of the malware attack, the site’s administrators were addressing the issue.
Hitting this redirector, we continued to be redirected to the RIG exploit kit, even though we weren’t able to replicate the script injection on jQuery.com with subsequent requests.
As of this writing, jquery-cdn[.]com was still up and redirecting users to RIG exploit kit.
Information about the domain:
Domain Name: jquery-cdn[.]com
Created On: 2014-09-18
Expiration Date: 2015-09-18
jquery-cdn.com. 5774 IN A 188.8.131.52
Whois information on the hosting provider:
inetnum: 184.108.40.206 – 220.127.116.11
descr: Selectel Ltd.
status: ASSIGNED PA
source: RIPE # Filtered
The exploit kit is hosted at the same hosting provider:
woitp[.]bestburaco[.]com -> 18.104.22.168
inetnum: 22.214.171.124 – 126.96.36.199
descr: Selectel Network
Please download our detailed incident report and review these frequently asked questions for more information.
We will continue to monitor this situation and post any updates in this blog. In the meantime, jQuery.com users should scan their systems for malware.
Back to RiskIQ Blog
The #Magecart supply-chain attack frenzy continues with AppLixir, RYVIU, OmniKick, eGain, AdMaxim, CloudCMS, and Picreel falling victim https://t.co/b7UWqL2PzW #BrowserThreats
Regarding Forbes: the skimmer was customized for Forbes, it wasn't an automated attack. Here's the rest of the infrastructure (not just for Forbes) they've been setting it up since January:
Fascinating learning about the cyber attacker's playbook from Yonathan Klijnsma: step 1: gain entry. 2. more reconnaissance 3. Theft, then profit #transportsecurity #TSC
Today at the #TransportSecurityCongress, RiskIQ's
@ydklijnsma spoke about the #Magecart breach of British Airways, which you can read more about here: https://t.co/cPqEqVVllj (Photo credit @SmartRailNews)
Context is everything! Here's how using Tags and Classifications in @RiskIQ PassiveTotal can get your team aligned and supercharge your investigations https://t.co/Wk5OfBZPu2 #ThreatHunting